In his Niti Shatakam, Bhartrihari has composed several Subhaashits on the subject of 'अज्ञ पद्धती' - about ignorant people.
येषां न विद्या न तपो न दानं l
ज्ञानं न शीलं न गुणो न धर्मः ll
ते मृत्युलोके भुवि भारभूतः l
मनुष्यरूपेण मृगाश्र्चरन्ति ll
Those (people) who do not have even a single virtue (न गुणो)- not learning (न विद्या), nor concentration (न तपो), nor charity (न दानं). Not knowledge, nor moral character (ज्ञानं न शीलं). Those who do not act according to their Dharma (न धर्मः )-
They are merely a burden on the earth (मृत्युलोके भुवि भारभूतः) - animals moving around (मृगाश्र्चरन्ति) in human form (मनुष्यरूपेण).
Things have changed since the time of Bhartrihari, and so have our ideas of morality and virtues. I wonder if the essential virtues that Bhartrihari has listed would be considered desirable in today's world?
By his yardstick, how many of us would be merely 'animals in human form'?
[ Though the more common meaning of मृग is 'deer', here it means animal (in general).]