Friday, October 09, 2009

More About Knowledge

In the previous post, we considered a Subhaashit which explains why helping a person to obtain knowledge is important.

This following Subhaashit tells us that knowledge is the best kind of wealth.

न चोरहार्यं न च राजहार्यं
न भ्रातृभाज्यं न च भारकारि l
व्यये कृते वर्धत एव नित्यं
विद्याधनं सर्वधनप्रधानम् ll

A thief cannot steal it (न चोरहार्यं), neither can a King confiscate it (न च राजहार्यं).
It cannot be divided among brothers (न भ्रातृभाज्यं), nor is it a burden (न च भारकारि).
If spent (व्यये कृते) it constantly increases (वर्धत एव नित्यं).

(Therefore) the wealth of knowledge (विद्याधनं) is the most superior among all wealths (सर्वधनप्रधानम् ).

On a lighter note
In this following verse श्लेष (multiple meaning/ pun) is used to interesting effect.

शंकरं पतितं दृष्ट्वा पार्वती हर्षनिर्भरा l
रुरुदे पन्नगाः सर्वे हा हा शंकर शंकर ll

Seeing (दृष्ट्वा) that (Lord) Shankar had fallen (शंकरं पतितं) Parvati (पार्वती) could not contain her joy (हर्षनिर्भरा).

All the serpents started wailing (रुरुदे पन्नगाः सर्वे) Alas! Shankar! Shankar!(हा हा शंकर शंकर).

Here we are surprised that Parvati (The goddess Parvati- daughter of the Lord of the Mountains ) would be happy to see that Shankar (her husband) had fallen.

But there are double meanings of 'Shankar' and 'Parvati'. The other meaning of Shankar is the Sandalwood (चंदन) tree and the second meaning of Parvati is 'a female who resides in the mountains' -which refers to a tribal woman.

Since a tribal woman makes her living by selling bundles of wood, she would be happy to see a fallen sandalwood tree. And the snakes which live in the base of the tree would be unhappy because their home was destroyed.


Vinod_Sharma said...

Nice subhashit. I have MS Subbalakshmi's Vishnu Sahasranaam. In the introductory commentary to it, C Rajagopachari says that knowledge without devotion, bhakti, is useless for thought.

The second one shows us that even the learned were not all stuck up; they understood the value of good humour!

manju said...

Vinodji- 'knowledge without devotion, bhakti, is useless tinsel.'- True.

You know, I can not remember-at least offhand- reading any Subhaashits on this thought. Most are of more practical nature- spirituality is not generally discussed.

Some show the difference between knowledge and wisdom, though.

Ugich Konitari said...

Manju, What a wonderful Subhashit. Knowledge is wealth, no doubt, and व्यये कृते वर्धत एव नित्यं, is why so many dedicated teachers happen.

Sadly, today's youth seems to think wealth is knowledge...

On a more cheerful note, it is delightful to note that , (nothwithstanding the multiple meanings,) people actually enjoyed writing about Parvati having a good laugh over Shiva's fall, and no one protested in front of their house ....

manju said...

Ugich Konitari- Yes, true teachers surely know that the more knowledge they give their students, the more it increases.

I agree, sadly, today's youth do seem to think wealth is knowledge instead of the other way round.

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